Category: DIY

Backyard Fun: Create a Sensory Garden for Your Dog

These days, more and more pawrents are concerned about the well-being of their pets. They focus not just on providing for their pets’ basic needs (food, shelter, and medical care), but on finding unique ways to improve their pets’ physical, mental, and social welfare. Canine owners can go the extra mile for their four-legged best Read More...

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These days, more and more pawrents are concerned about the well-being of their pets. They focus not just on providing for their pets’ basic needs (food, shelter, and medical care), but on finding unique ways to improve their pets’ physical, mental, and social welfare. Canine owners can go the extra mile for their four-legged best friends by creating a stimulating yet relaxing haven called a sensory garden. 

What is a sensory garden?

A sensory garden is described by Wikipedia as “a self-contained garden area that allows visitors to enjoy a wide variety of sensory experiences.” Made for a specific target audience such as special needs students, people with dementia, or outdoor-loving pets, sensory gardens have a wide range of educational and recreational applications. 

A dog-friendly sensory garden should ultimately engage your pooch’s five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. The enclosed sanctuary can be easily created in a dog owner’s porch or backyard, or even in a small terrace without breaking the bank. 

What are the benefits of a sensory garden?

According to, sensory gardens can reduce stress levels and promote stimulation for your pup. “Sensory gardens encourage dogs to interact with their surroundings and provide physical and mental challenges. Dogs particularly have an amazing nose that is meant for sniffing; they possess up to 300 million olfactory receptors in their noses, compared to about six million in [humans].” Sniff time is important to dogs because the olfactory activity gives them the freedom to discover and analyze their surroundings, thus improving their mood and reducing problems stemming from boredom. 

The right kind of plants in the sensory garden can also improve your dog’s health or disposition. shares, “Some pets even self-medicate by selecting certain plants to chew on. Plants such as chamomile, lavender, marigold, or hops may help with pets that have anxiety. Clary sage, hops, and valerian can assist with hyperactivity and calming pets down. Pets with stomach or digestive issues may self-select meadowsweet, marshmallow [root], or thyme.” (On a side note, it’s fun to mention that it’s not just pets who can benefit from these plants. Dogs owners can make use of them too!)

What do I need to consider before building a sensory garden?

Before anything else, think about your dog’s personality, physicality, wants, and needs. Fiona De Rosa, a dog behaviour trainer and urban planner who founded Balancing Act Adelaide, told how she formed the ideal sensory garden for her dog, Eb. “Instead of buying her lots of toys for entertainment, I wanted to create a garden to enrich her everyday experiences. I wanted a garden where she could sniff, explore, and linger during the day and night, and I looked to nature for inspiration.” 

She added, “I wasn’t much of a gardener, but having a dog made me see the garden differently—through a pet lens. I continued to develop different spaces within my garden for her to experience, from lush grasses to cool spots under ferns.” 

Answer questions about your dog such as: 

  • Does he enjoy sunning himself or would he rather lounge under a shaded area?
  • What does he like to look at or smell when the two of you are out walking?
  • How does he react to water, sand, and different textures?
  • Does he follow paths or would he rather make his own trails?
  • How do you imagine your dog spending his day in the garden?
  • Does he like to dig?

Aside from using the power of observation to design your space, maximize the existing area you have. Set up a tall and sturdy border, and test to see that your dog will not be able to jump over or dig through and escape the enclosure. Your goal is to create a safe, controlled, and naturalistic setting your pooch will enjoy exploring, even if it’s just a small plot of land or balcony area.  

What materials do I need to make a sensory garden?

With your dog in mind, design the sensory garden with features that could captivate one or multiple senses at the same time. Consider the following materials: 

See: Bamboo, fish pond, logs, rocks, salix, and shrubs

Create varying heights in different colors to add contrast to the garden.

Smell: Chamomile, catnip, marigold, peppermint, valerian, and wheatgrass

If you plan on installing more than one aromatic plant, scatter them in different areas of your garden to avoid overwhelming your dog’s nose. 

Touch: Barley or wheat grass, cedar chips (also repels fleas!), sandpit, smooth and rough rocks, old blankets or cushions, paddling pool, peppermint, and robust plants (such as nepeta, astilbe, and hardy geranium)

Delight your dog’s paws with paths, trails, and nooks with different textures. 

Taste: Marshmallow root, meadowsweet, rosemary, and thyme 

Select garden plants, flowers, and herbs that are non-toxic to dogs. Review this list for poisonous plants to avoid.

Hear: Bird feeder (to attract birds to your area), rustling leaves, tiny pebbles, water fountain, and wind chimes

If you plan on hanging things or placing them on elevated structures, consider your pooch’s standing and jumping height. 

What other things should I keep in mind?

  • Regularly check the surroundings for slugs and snails. Your dog may accidentally contract lungworm by ingesting infected gastropods.
  • Don’t use lawn chemicals such as pesticides and fertilisers that can harm your dog. Refrain from using non-organic slug pellets or additives for ponds and fountains.
  • Create comfortable spaces for dogs who like making nests. Set aside blankets and cushions in shaded areas.
  • Surprise your dog by hiding a toy in his sandpit. This will help him determine his play area and stop him from digging through the rest of the garden. 
  • If you have a playful dog that likes to run around, place your flowers and plants in pots, raised flower beds, repurposed tires, or low box hedges to prevent him from stepping on them.  
  • Instead of feeding your dog in a bowl, why not try putting his food in the long grass and letting him sniff and find it on his own? You can also hide treats (or place treat balls) throughout the garden and make a game out of it. 
  • If you have enough space and materials at home, you can even construct a dog agility course within your garden.

Always keep an eye on your dog as he roams around the sensory garden. Continuously update the garden with fun elements to keep your dog ever curious and excited to return to the outdoor space. Add unique touches that you and the family will enjoy, so you all get to spend more time communing with nature as you bond with your pooch.

Backyard Fun: Create a Catio for Your Cat

House cats are natural predators who love to hunt. Just like their ancestors that lived in the wild, they have agile bodies made for hunting as well as keen senses that help them catch their prey. You’ll see it in the way your cat leaps to catch the feather at the end of the wand Read More...

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House cats are natural predators who love to hunt. Just like their ancestors that lived in the wild, they have agile bodies made for hunting as well as keen senses that help them catch their prey. You’ll see it in the way your cat leaps to catch the feather at the end of the wand toy, or how he energetically pounces on a squeaky ball. Interactive play keeps your cat healthy and happy. It can even prevent behavioural problems that stem from boredom. But aside from regular exercise of at least 10 minutes a day, cats can also be mentally, physically, and emotionally stimulated through other means. This is where a catio comes in! 

What is a catio?

Short for cat patio, Animal Planet describes a catio as “an exterior, escape-proof cat house, screened on all sides and overhead, which allows indoor cats to experience a slice of outdoor life without actually venturing beyond your home.” Whether it’s found on your balcony or created on your backyard, a catio gives your house cat the freedom to explore the outside world without you worrying about his safety. The screened enclosure will keep your kitty carefully contained while protecting him from wild predators, free-roaming dogs or cats, moving vehicles, and other possible dangers.

Cats that are curious and playful would enjoy spending time in a catio. Katenna Jones, an associate certified applied animal behaviourist and owner of Jones Animal Behavior, tells PetMD, “If you can never find your cat when you get home with groceries because she’s hiding in a bag with the potato chips, or she gets into your purse all the time, or she comes up to you carrying one of your shoes in her mouth, that cat is a good candidate for a catio.” 

What are the benefits of a catio?

A catio can provide daily enrichment for your indoor cat. The secure space lets him take in the fresh breeze, enjoy the warmth of the sun, and/or witness the sights and sounds of nature such as chirping birds sitting atop swaying branches. More than just providing a healthy outdoor lifestyle, a catio can become a safe hideout for territorial cats who need time apart from other household pets. It can also be an additional area where you can place a litter box, therefore reducing unsavoury odours inside your home.

What do I need to consider before building a catio?

Anyone with basic carpentry or home improvement skills can make a catio. However, there are multiple factors you need to evaluate before building one, namely: location, access point, size, and height. 


Where should the catio be placed? Consider what you want your cat to observe whenever he steps “outside.” Your catio should provide stimulating views of nature and wildlife and have ample sun and shade—giving him the choice to bask in the sun or to snooze in a shaded spot. 

Access point

Think about where kitty will pass through to get to his catio. There should be at least one access point (such as a window, door, or wall) that your cat can freely pass through to and from your home. 


How much extra space do you have outside? Is there an existing patio or deck that you can use? How many cats or even hoomans will be using the catio? Are there large accessories you’ll be installing in it? These are a few questions you might want to answer. 


The height of your enclosure is also important because most feline pets love vertical spaces. Shelves and perches give your cat the opportunity to survey his territory from up above and escape other land-based creatures. But if you can’t build them, cat trees and hanging shelves work just as well.  

What materials do I need to make a catio?

If you plan to build a catio from scratch, you must take time to research on the catio that you want to create. Do you want a long walkway or more perching spots for kitty? How many hiding nooks will there be? Make sure to invest in durable construction materials⁠ that can withstand the seasons such as a two-way cat door or flap, wood framing lumber, escape-proof wire, and a weatherproof roof. Jones advises, “Sturdiness is key. You want something that will keep your cat in, but also keep predators out.” 

Aside from its basic protective features, a catio won’t be complete without cat accessories that would keep your pet entertained for hours. Carpeted perches, cedar shelves, scratchers, water bowl or fountain, and toys (try making these fun DIY toys) are other essentials you can add to make the catio his new favourite spot. Cat-safe plants such as wheatgrass, thyme, basil, and rosemary will also be a hit for your kitty! (Review this list for toxic plants you should avoid.) 

Search for inspiration online to build your own customised catio! You can whip up your own design or purchase downloadable catio plans from Catio Spaces. Choose from a compact, window box-type sitting spot to a bigger, four-sided enclosure with an underground tunnel. The best part is that 10% of each purchase is donated to an animal welfare organisation.

In Australia, you can create your own catio by ordering buildable sets from Backyard Cat Enclosures, Royal Feline, and Catnip Cat Enclosures

Backyard Cat Enclosure’s The Meow Manor is a three-storey climbing annex that protects your cat from the elements
Royal Feline’s Royal Catio is a buildable catio that’s good for two to three cats
Catnip Cat Enclosure’s Climber Module can be furnished with hammocks and scratching posts

What other things should I keep in mind?

  • Once you’ve made your catio, allow your cat to slowly warm up to the new area. Certified cat behaviour consultant and Feline Minds cofounder Mikel Delgado says, “You don’t want to force them. It can take cats a few days or even weeks to test out a new environment, so don’t get discouraged if it takes a while for your cat to adjust.” If your cat doesn’t respond to the catio favourably, you can change some of the components until it strikes his fancy.
  • Another thing your cat will need time to figure out is how to use his cat door or flap. You can entice him with treats and toys or initially tape the cat door open so he can stick his head through it to discover what’s outside. Make sure you don’t lock out your cat in the catio or leave him unsupervised for prolonged periods of time, especially when the weather is extreme.  
  • Though a fresh supply of water comes highly recommended, leaving cat food in the catio is a no-no because it can attract unwanted critters which might try to get into the wired enclosure and harm your cat.
  • Build your catio on even flooring that your cat will not be able to dig through and escape from. Stone, grass, and wooden floors are good options, while dirt should be avoided so that your pet doesn’t come into the house with muddy paws. If you’re building a catio above ground, remember to support it with heavy duty angle brackets screwed into your house.
  • Put into consideration your cat’s age and personality when you build your catio. Your senior cat might not be able to leap up to high perches like he used to (he would probably need ramps or pet stairs instead), while a more energetic kitten would appreciate toys and shelves placed at different heights. 
  • Make sure your cat is healthy and has up-to-date vaccinations, deworming, and fecal testing before letting him explore the catio.

Have fun building a catio! Aside from the physical, mental, and emotional benefits a catio will give your cat, building the enclosure will also give you an opportunity to make something fun with your hands, and test your observation skills in putting together the best catio your pet will enjoy. If you throw in a lounge chair or a wooden bench, it can even serve as an open-air space where you and your cat can make more memories together.

12 Easy DIY Toys to Make for Cats and Dogs

As pawrents, we’ve all fallen under the marketing spell of the “hottest” pet toys and bought them for our furbabies… only to find them ignored and gathering dust in a corner. Instead, our pets have found joy in the simplest of things, such as an old teddy bear or a tattered paper bag that has Read More...

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As pawrents, we’ve all fallen under the marketing spell of the “hottest” pet toys and bought them for our furbabies… only to find them ignored and gathering dust in a corner. Instead, our pets have found joy in the simplest of things, such as an old teddy bear or a tattered paper bag that has seen better days. This only proves that animals are not always into new and expensive baubles. They can have a grand time with customized, repurposed playthings. They just want someone to play them with. (Hint, hint—that’s you! Put that phone down and make your fur-kid your number one priority come play time!) 

The next time you’re thinking of buying a toy for your four-legged furball, why not make him one instead? These do-it-yourself toys are affordable options that’ll keep him active and entertained for hours.

DIY Toys for Cats

1 Toilet Paper Roll Toys

Breathe new life into your empty paper toilet rolls by turning them into balls your cat can play with endlessly. With just a nifty pair of scissors, Catster suggests making paper balls out of four rings, which can then be filled with treats. Depending on how many empty toilet paper rolls you have, you can also turn a couple of rolls into a sunshine toy, a treat rattle, or even a treat puzzle. 

2 Kitty Playspace

Create a special haven for your cat filled with his favourite toys, all dangling at paw’s length. With just a heavy-duty cardboard box, art materials, and toys in different sizes, textures, and tints, teaches you how to construct this seven-step playspace that will surely become your kitty’s new hangout.

3 Pipe Cleaner Toy

Got some excess pipe cleaners from your kid’s art tools? It only takes a few minutes to reshape these shiny, multi-coloured wires into something new. Get cool ideas from Hubpages, and enjoy twisting and bending them into unique shapes such as a ball or spring. (Caution: Make sure to watch your cat while he plays with this toy. Your cat should not chew on the tiny hairs that make up the pipe cleaners.)

4 Sock Fish Toy

An old sock, soft packing paper (or something you can use to stuff the sock), and a permanent marker are all you need to create a fish-shaped toy for your cat. Elise Xavier of KittyClysm promises that this DIY toy is quick and easy for cat pawrents to do (you can make it in three steps!) but provides countless hours of entertainment for your cat. 

5 Cardboard Cat House

If you have tons of boxes and art materials lying around, why not design a beautiful home for your cat? Heidi of Happiness is Homemade shows you what you can do with a plain cardboard box, cardboard sheet, utility knife, metal ruler, hot glue gun, and embellishments. (You can also create an epic, multi-level cat playhouse following Martha Stewart’s tutorial!)

6 Feather Cat Toy

This store-bought toy usually gets the most beating because of all the clawing and tuggingwhen your cat plays with it. Crafty mom Jamie makes a feather cat toy in just six steps. Look around for these materials at home (long stick or wood dowel, feathers, small bells, string, and glue) or buy them at your nearest craft shop so that you can make this affordable, attention-grabbing alternative again and again. 

DIY Toys for Dogs

1 Tennis Ball Puzzle Toy

You’re three easy steps away from creating a mentally challenging toy for your dog. Using a sharp knife, carve out an S or a cross shape on your tennis ball. This will unleash kibble once your dog has figured out how to “unlock” the felt-covered puzzle.

2 Braided T-Shirt Toy

A pair of scissors and old shirts are what you need to whip up a tug-tastic toy for your pooch. BarkPost suggests using two or more tees in different colours and designs. That way, the hues and prints pop out after the shirts are cut into strips and interlaced with each other. 

3 Squeaky Doggie Bone

Don’t throw away the squeaker from the stuffed toy your pup just recently destroyed! Let it live to see another day by inserting it inside a new handmade plushie that your dog can play with. With a sewing machine, needle, thread, and your chosen fabric, Laura Griffin teaches you how to make this delightful bone-shaped toy with chew ties

5 Toilet Roll Boredom Buster

Keep your dog entertained through a mentally stimulating homemade toy by Dogue that will reward his efforts. Simply fill a box or container with empty toilet paper rolls, add a few of his favourite treats, and have a laugh while watching your pooch go at it!  

5 Dog Flirt Pole

A training tool that encourages your dog to chase and catch his prey, a flirt pole is said to improve his physical and mental skills with regular use. Medium to large-sized dogs will benefit from this inexpensive DIY toy consisting of a long PVC pipe, sturdy rope, and a chew toy. 

6 Plastic Bottle Dog Toy

Turn a recyclable plastic bottle into a crinkly toy for your pet! Wrap it up in a yard of fabric (the more colourful, the better) and secure it with cut pieces of cloth. Make sure the soft material goes beyond the bottle cap area, then create mini braids for your dog to chew and tug at.    

Try your hand at creating these fun and easy toys and let us know which one your four-legged friend loved playing with the most! Always remember to watch over your pets when they are playing with these handcrafted toys to guarantee they’re having fun in the best and safest way possible. 

Your complete puppy starter kit

Getting a new puppy home is a fun experience and as much as you prepare, one that comes with several last minute runs to the neighbourhood pet store. Most new pup parents prepare with beds, toys and kibble, but the complete puppy starter kit looks a lot longer and takes some research. Enter: our complete Read More...

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Getting a new puppy home is a fun experience and as much as you prepare, one that comes with several last minute runs to the neighbourhood pet store. Most new pup parents prepare with beds, toys and kibble, but the complete puppy starter kit looks a lot longer and takes some research. Enter: our complete DIY puppy kit to help you get started. Here are some essentials, with links to shops, that you would need to have in place long before little fluff-ball enters your home.

Please note that this list is created with a young pup in mind. Stay tuned for subsequent posts about what to keep in mind for older rescue dog starter kits.

01. Puppy carry crate

A carry crate is an essential in any pet parent household. Even if you’re not using this to fly your pup around, it’ll come in handy for vet visits and emergencies. For this reason, it’s a good idea to have one with a comfortable bed in the house – with the door open so your pup goes in and out and sees it as a comfortable safe space. This way if you ever need to use it, little pooch won’t be distressed about it. Usually, airline approved dog crates are the sturdiest of the lot and will pass muster for any transport use.

Travel crate
Quick tips to pick a crate:

  • Choose a hard-sided carrier made of rigid plastic, fiberglass, and/or welded metal mesh
  • Choose one with a solid floor
  • Choose a carrier with a secure locking system in a metal mesh door without sharp edges
  • Don’t compromise on ventilation – pick one with at least two open sides
  • Stock up on some LIVE ANIMAL stickers – purely in case of household emergencies
  • Choose one with your dog’s measurements in mind. Here’s a handy explainer from 

Product to buy:

02. Puppy bed

Buying a puppy bed can be confusing but ultimately depends on which school of thought you subscribe to – do you prefer buying something sturdy and expensive from the get go, or would you rather buy a cheap bed first and invest in a good one that your puppy chooses later? Either way, size is the first decision. Puppies grow very quickly and what seemed like a big bed in the beginning will become tiny quite quickly. Start by choosing where in the house this bed will sit – if it’s within the crate, then choose one that’ll fit there nicely.

Quick tips to pick a bed:

  • Make sure that the bed fits inside the crate – if a near match isn’t possible, use a washable liner mat or puppy blanket to cover the crate’s floor end-to-end
  • Consider the breed – known or predicted – when choosing a size, since the pup will likely outgrow its first bed in a few short months
  • Choose the fluff factor and colour according to your pup’s furcoat and fur colour – long hair will stick to a very plush bed, and dark hair will make any light colour bed look messy
  • Be ultra safe about how chew-friendly the bed is – don’t buy a bed if you’re unsure of the toxicity of its material
  • Look for a bed that’s washable and has a floor pillow that can be dried separately, as these beds dry a lot quicker than compact beds 
  • Choose a bed that’s warm and helps your pup gently ease into sleeping alone, away from its pack’s huddle
  • Look for a bed with support round the edges for maximum comfort

Products to buy:

03. Puppy training crate

Crate training is a great way to housebreak your new puppy, but the wrong crate can damage the best intentions. Aside from the right size (just enough for your dog to be able to stand, lie down and turn around), you’ll need to choose material and make.

Training crate
Quick tips to pick a crate:

  • While there are plastic and soft-sided crates, we recommend a metal crate because of better ventilation, durability and flexibility (wood crates can be a chewing hazard and are harder to clean)
  • If your pup is likely to grow big quickly, choose a flexible crate with room to increase your pup’s crate area
  • If space is an issue, choose a crate that’s collapsible and can be re-used for storage later
  • Choose one with a removable tray to make cleaning easier
  • Pick one with a lid, because as your pup grows it will try to escape by jumping out
  • Add a comfort toy and kong to pacify your puppy in its new living quarters

Product to buy:

04. Puppy patch or pet loo

This one’s for city pet parents, especially those living in apartment blocks or houses with small backyards. A puppy patch will become your best friend when housebreaking your new dog. It’s a great controlled training setup for your pup to understand how to ask for permission to go outside and use the facilities. It’s also handy for bad weather days and easy to clean.

Resized pet loo
Quick tips to pick a puppy patch:

  • Choose a fresh puppy patch if you’re comfortable with recurring costs. Keep in mind that these patches are made of fresh grass and can’t be rinsed out without breaking down or getting a little messy (stay tuned for our assessment of fresh puppy patches in the market)
  • Choose an artificial pet loo if you’d rather own something that’s easy to clean, with less frequent recurring costs (changing the artificial grass patch)
  • Look for one that’s easy to clean. Most pet loo containers are essentially a base with a removable tray that can be cleaned every couple of days
  • Choose a size right for your dog’s predicted growth

Product to buy:

05. Bowls, dishes and feeding mats

Your new puppy is going to need a few kitchen essentials of its own – food and water bowls, feeding mats, and outdoor collapsible bowls that make picnics and walks quite convenient. The good news is that you’re spoilt for choice. There are hundreds of bowls of different shapes, sizes and materials to choose from. We recommend combining all three uses – food, water and drip mats into one efficient and compact solution.

Resized bowls

Quick tips to pick a compact food and water dish:

  • Pick one that’s appropriate for your puppy’s size – especially the height
  • Choose a mat that’s easy to clean and doesn’t have any hard-to-get-to corners
  • Pick two separate collapsible outdoor food and water bowls for convenience
  • Choose stainless steel for easy cleaning. However, several dishwasher-friendly materials are available as well, or if aesthetics are more important to you then stoneware options work too

Product to buy:

06. Shampoo, conditioner and brush

Puppies have sensitive skin and fur, and your vet will usually advise that you don’t wash your new dog immediately, or too frequently. Look to get your vet’s guidance regarding washing supplies as well. In general, you would get hypoallergenic and gentle cleaning products, and avoid anything harsh that causes irritations or flakiness. Similarly, the right fur-coat brush would be gentle as well as effective.

Quick tips to pick shampoo, conditioner and brush:

  • Consult your vet before buying anything for sensitive skin, anything medicated or for flea and tick rinses – especially during your first visit
  • Folllow instructions regarding use, especially for leave-in or rinse products around other pets

Products to buy:

07. Puppy food and treats

Buying pet food can be quite confusing as you walk down pet food aisles and try to decipher one brand from the next. After all, what you feed your pet is an important decision. Your choices encompass dry, wet (or tinned) and fresh food – and it doesn’t stop there. As with everything critical to your growing puppy’s health, you must consult a vet to get a good initial idea about how to keep your dog healthy and fit. The tips that follow are strictly suggestions for variety and convenience.

Quick tips to pick dog food and treats:

  • Puppy dry food or kibble is packaged per puppy size and age, so look for these clearly marked on the kibble packaging
  • In order to balance dry food with the right levels of hydration, check recommended water requirements with your vet
  • Tinned food is convenient and your pup will love it mixed with the kibble, but check recommended dry to wet food ratio with your vet
  • Variety is great!
  • Different textures of treats for teething puppies is usually recommended

Products to buy:

08. Puppy supplies for the outdoors

Outdoor supplies for your puppy will range from daily use essentials like a lead, harness, collar, poop bags and a carry case to more fun stuff like a treat case, travel bowls, frisbees and balls. As a new parent, all the options may seem overwhelming, but remember to buy for functional use first and your choices will immediately begin to make sense.

Outdoor bowls
Quick tips to pick outdoor pet supplies:

  • There’s no real science to poop bags other than the size (small dogs need small bags for obvious reasons!), and environmental impact (look for biodegradable options)
  • Choose a bag carry case that attaches to the lead simply so that you never forget to carry bags for walks
  • Choose comfortable and durable collars, harnesses and leads that are size appropriate. It helps to take your puppy to the store if you’re unsure about size
  • Look for two collapsible bowls – one for food and another for water, so you don’t have to stop and clean anything mid-walk

Products to buy:

And there you have it, a starter kit that’ll help your puppy settle in without you running to the pet store every couple of hours. Stay tuned for more posts about getting your budget in order with pet insurance and puppy vet bills.

Features Photo by Daniel Wiadro on Unsplash